Lord Krishna said: Arjuna, now listen, how with the mind attached to me (through exclusive love) and practising yoga with absolute dependence on me, you will know me. I shall unfold to you in its entirety this wisdom along with the knowledge of the qualified aspect of god, having known which nothing else remains yet to be known in this world. Hardly one among thousands of men strives to realise me. Of those striving yogis again, some rare one devoting himself exclusively to me knows me in reality.
Earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind, reason and also ego; these constitute my nature divided into eight parts. This indeed is my lower (material) nature. Other than this, by which the whole universe is sustained, know it to be my higher (or spiritual) nature.
Arjuna, know that all beings have evolved from this two-fold prakriti and that I am the source of the entire creation and into me again it dissolves. Whatever other entities there are, born of sattva (the quality of goodness) and those that are born of rajas (the principle of activity) and tamas (the principle of inertia), know them all as evolved from me alone. In reality, however, neither do I exist in them nor do they in me. The whole of this creation is deluded by these objects evolved from the three modes of prakriti: Sattva, Rajas and Tamas. That is why this world fails to recognise me standing apart from these, the Imperishable. For this most wonderful maya of mine consisting of the three gunas (modes of nature) is extremely difficult to breakthrough. Those, however, who constantly adore me alone are able to cross it. Four types of devotees of noble deeds worship me, Arjuna; the seeker after worldly possessions, the afflicted, the seeker for knowledge and the man of wisdom. Indeed all these of four types of devotees are noble but the man of wisdom is my very self, such is my view. For I am extremely dear to the wise man who knows me in reality and he is also extremely dear to me.
In the very last of all births, the enlightened person worships me by realising that all this is god. Such a great soul is very rare indeed. Those whose wisdom has been carried away by various desires being prompted by their own nature worship other deities adopting norms relating to each. The fruit gained by these people of small understanding is perishable. The worshippers of gods attain the gods whereas my devotees, howsoever, worship me and eventually come to me and me alone. Arjuna, I know all beings past as well as present and even those that are yet to come , but none devoid of faith and devotion knows me. Those who possessed of a steadfast mind know thus even at the hour of death, they too know me alone.